Dry Stone Walling Bursary Training Portfolio

16.07.18 - 12.07.19

P. Jeyacheya

Workbook Two

Workbook Two consists of five questions. Together the questions cover a range of topics that are useful to a dry stone waller. Questions 1 & 2 cover the classification of rocks and how to calcuate the volumes & tonnage needed for building a dry stone wall. Questions 3 & 4 cover the structure of a dry stone wall and the potential faults that could occur for a number of reasons. The final question looks at how a dry stone wall provides habitat for a variety of organisms.

The answers are mostly highlights and are not intended to give a full understanding of all the topics covered. Instead they serve as an introduction that should be build on over time and with experience.

Workbook 2: Structure


Give 4 examples of common faults in the structure of a dry stone wall:


Poorly constructed foundations: top line of foundation stones not level; selected stones not large enough to sit at least a third into the wall; stones being predominently traced. This results in a week structure.


Building with room for movement: face stones not touching all other neighbouring stones; excessive use of front pinning; loose packing.


Irregular batter causing:


Bad wall structure due to poor use of throughs, coverbands and copestones: through stones not 'tied' well into wall by neighbouring stones and strong packing; copestones not crossing the full width of coverbands or touching outmost edge of walling stones on both faces; exposed pinning of copestones resulting in copes moving or falling off the wall.

Contact Us

Don’t put your project on hold. If you would like to know more about our dry stone walling services, then email us directly  on or call us at 077 5321 8045.

Alternatively, you can fill out our contact form here here.


Our Services

Projects covered include:

  • Free estimates & quotations
  • Traditional dry stone walling
  • Retaining Walls
  • Cheek ends / wall heads
  • Garden walls
  • Field Walls
  • Gap Repairs
  • New walls with new or reclaimed stone
  • Boundary walls
  • Ornamental walls feature walls
  • Dry stone walls with mortared coping stones
  • Mortared walls

Areas We Cover

Lancashire boroughs of

  • Rossendale
  • Blackburn with Darwen
  • Hyndburn
  • Burnley
  • Pendle
  • and further afield ...

Services also extended to our nearest neighbours in:

  • Todmorden
  • Hebden Bridge
  • Sowerby Bridge
  • Littleborough
  • ...and everywhere within that geographical circle


Professional member of the Dry Stone Walling Association of Great Britain.

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