Dry Stone Walling Bursary Training Portfolio

16.07.18 - 12.07.19

P. Jeyacheya

Workbook Two

Workbook Two consists of five questions. Together the questions cover a range of topics that are useful to a dry stone waller. Questions 1 & 2 cover the classification of rocks and how to calcuate the volumes & tonnage needed for building a dry stone wall. Questions 3 & 4 cover the structure of a dry stone wall and the potential faults that could occur for a number of reasons. The final question looks at how a dry stone wall provides habitat for a variety of organisms.

The answers are mostly highlights and are not intended to give a full understanding of all the topics covered. Instead they serve as an introduction that should be build on over time and with experience.

Workbook 2: Habitat


Name animals that use walls as habitat:


snails & slugs
glow-worm larvae


Small birds:
blue & great tits
tree sparrow


Small mammals:


b, c & d

When rebuilding an existing wall, what organisms should you protect and how would you do this?

Mosses, lichens, ferns and liverworts, as well as somer higher plants.
The weathered face of the stone with these organisms should be outmost. This helps organisms to reclaim the area as a habitat.

How can you reduce the risk of damage to a wall from nearby trees

A strip two feet wide should be left clear of fast growing shrubs and trees.
Nearby large roots should be bridged.
Overhanging branches from nearby trees should be priodically trimmed.

When building a new wall, what could you do to make it wildlife friendly?

Aid weathering of new stone by smearing with manure.
Reclaimed stone should have weathered or side with living organisms outmost.
Include smoots which allow small animals to pass through.

Contact Us

Don’t put your project on hold. If you would like to know more about our dry stone walling services, then email us directly  on drystone@rootscrafts.com or call us at 077 5321 8045.

Alternatively, you can fill out our contact form here here.


Our Services

Projects covered include:

  • Free estimates & quotations
  • Traditional dry stone walling
  • Retaining Walls
  • Cheek ends / wall heads
  • Garden walls
  • Field Walls
  • Gap Repairs
  • New walls with new or reclaimed stone
  • Boundary walls
  • Ornamental walls feature walls
  • Dry stone walls with mortared coping stones
  • Mortared walls

Areas We Cover

Lancashire boroughs of

  • Rossendale
  • Blackburn with Darwen
  • Hyndburn
  • Burnley
  • Pendle
  • and further afield ...

Services also extended to our nearest neighbours in:

  • Todmorden
  • Hebden Bridge
  • Sowerby Bridge
  • Littleborough
  • ...and everywhere within that geographical circle


Professional member of the Dry Stone Walling Association of Great Britain.

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